Carbon steel grades differ in their featured properties and strength that have an exact area of application.
Carbon steel is available in varied grades that range from 1018 to 12L14 along with an increasing number of carbon content. The range of manganese and carbon that carbon steels contain give way for the development of a vast range of wear resistance, toughness, and high strength properties.
Carbon steel grades are critically evaluated through international steel standards for the selection of certain grades for suitable diverse applications. An increased level in manganese and carbon results in an enhanced hardness and strength following heat treatment, and the combined properties like toughness, hardness, strength, and wear resistance that can be achieved with the appropriate analysis of carbon steel ranges.
See our carbon steel grades table below.
CARBON STEEL GRADES (FORTE)
|CARBON STEEL GRADE||DESCRIPTION||APPLICATION|
|1018||mild (low carbon) steel, strong and ductile, has good weldability properties||crimping, bending, swaging, worms, pins, gears, dowels, tool holders, machine parts, pinions, ratchets, etc.|
|1020||suitable for surface hardening, can be case machined, hardened, and welded||hydraulic shafts, motor shafts, pump shafts, machinery parts|
|1030||high carbon steel, has moderate hardness and strength, machineable, ductile||machinery parts, used in the tempered and quenched condition for strength|
|1035||medium-carbon engineering steel, suitable for induction hardening and flame||used for forged parts, links, gears, couplings, forged shafts and axles|
|1040||has good strength, wear resistance, and toughness, machineable||forged couplings, and crankshafts|
|1045||medium carbon steel, can be forged satisfactorily, most common shafting steel||induction hardening applications, medium strength parts, shafts for pneumatic and hydraulic cylinders|
|1050||plain carbon steel, readily welded and machined||forged shafts and gears|
|1060||standard grade carbon steel||used for forged applications|
|1065||high-carbon steel, has high tensile strength, heat treatable||blades, and cutlery|
|1144||stressproof-equivalent steel, a higher-strength alloy than A36 and 1018, has improved ductility||used for parts requiring mechanical properties obtained by heat treating|
|11L14||free machining steel has enhanced machinability, stronger than 1018||used for forged applications|
|12L14||free machining steel has enhanced machinability, stronger than 1018||screw machines, couplings, inserts, bushings, and hydraulic hose fittings|