Carbon Steel Grades

Carbon steel grades differ in their featured properties and strength that have an exact area of application.

Carbon steelCarbon Steel Grades is available in varied grades that range from 1018 to 12L14 along with an increasing number of carbon content. The range of manganese and carbon that carbon steels contain give way for the development of a vast range of wear resistance, toughness, and high strength properties.

Carbon steel grades are critically evaluated through international steel standards for the selection of certain grades for suitable diverse applications. An increased level in manganese and carbon results in an enhanced hardness and strength following heat treatment, and the combined properties like toughness, hardness, strength, and wear resistance that can be achieved with the appropriate analysis of carbon steel ranges.

See our carbon steel grades table below.

CARBON STEEL GRADES (FORTE)

CARBON STEEL GRADE DESCRIPTION APPLICATION
1018 mild (low carbon) steel, strong and ductile, has good weldability properties crimping, bending, swaging, worms, pins, gears, dowels, tool holders, machine parts, pinions, ratchets, etc.
1020 suitable for surface hardening, can be case machined, hardened, and welded hydraulic shafts, motor shafts, pump shafts, machinery parts
1030 high carbon steel, has moderate hardness and strength, machineable, ductile machinery parts, used in the tempered and quenched condition for strength
1035 medium-carbon engineering steel, suitable for induction hardening and flame used for forged parts, links, gears, couplings, forged shafts and axles
1040 has good strength, wear resistance, and toughness, machineable forged couplings, and crankshafts
1045 medium carbon steel, can be forged satisfactorily, most common shafting steel induction hardening applications, medium strength parts, shafts for pneumatic and hydraulic cylinders
1050 plain carbon steel, readily welded and machined forged shafts and gears
1060 standard grade carbon steel used for forged applications
1065 high-carbon steel, has high tensile strength, heat treatable blades, and cutlery
1144 stressproof-equivalent steel, a higher-strength alloy than A36 and 1018, has improved ductility used for parts requiring mechanical properties obtained by heat treating
11L14 free machining steel has enhanced machinability, stronger than 1018 used for forged applications
12L14 free machining steel has enhanced machinability, stronger than 1018 screw machines, couplings, inserts, bushings, and hydraulic hose fittings